Microchip Implants or radio frequency identification (RFID) is an integrated circuit which is inserted under the skin. The most common place to insert is your hands. The chip carries around one kilobyte of data. It is just about the size of a grain of rice.
The microchip carries your identification details. You just have to place your hand on a scanner to unlock doors, make payments, access computers or carry your medical records to a doctor.
The implant carries a unique serial number which is used to unlock user information. The implant uses an electromagnetic field to save the unique serial number. Once the scanner identifies the unique serial number, it is used to match saved records inside the system. Once it matches the data, the task is carried out.
Usages of implanting Microchip
At this point, Microchips are more used in animals than humans. These chips have proven useful in finding lost pets as it carried the identification of the owner and residing address. Sometimes vaccination details and medical history is also stored inside the chips which have proven very effective.
In the case of humans, Microchips are used more as a convenience in our day-to-day life. Make a purchase from your store and you just have to wave your hand through the scanner. You got a doctors appointment, the doctor has access to all your medical records. A wave of the hand is all that is needed to gain access to a machine or get inside a secured room. You don't have to worry about remembering the passwords or carry an ID card.
Microchip implant manufacturers and availability
The microchip is now mainly made by BioHax Internation, which is a technology company started in 2013 and based in Sweden. The man behind this Jowan Osterlund strongly believed that one day our lives and health will be improved by embedding technology inside the body. The chip now cost around $150. The company claims that around 10000 people have implanted the microchips inside them.
Health problems from Microchip implants
There are some concerns erased regarding the health issues by incorporating the microchip most of which are unfounded. If the chips are implanted properly and cleaned properly before insertion to avoid infection, then there's nothing much to worry. The chip is made of materials which are bio-safe and lead-free. The cheapest made of bio-safe epoxy resin and soda lime biocompatible glass. This technology will be easily approved by US FDA as all the materials used are considered biosafe.
If there are any health problems, it is the bruising and swelling and sometimes itchy feeling for a couple of days once the transplant is done. But this will subside in a couple of days.
Why Microchip implants when there are smartphones and payment cards
Most Smartphones and payment cards support the NFC (Near Field Communication) where you need to keep your smartphone or card near the proximity reader to get the details. Smartphones and cards are physical objects that we carry around. These objects may not be carried around every time. On the other hand, using microchips means you are always carrying it inside the body. You never know when your social security details, medical history, insurance driving license, driving license etc come in handy.
Is the Microchip information prone to hacking?
A user can be tracked even if he is using a smartphone or payment cards. It's the same level of security for Microchip as well. The only information this Microchip carries is your Unique Identity. The remaining details are stored inside a secure server which is behind a secured server. The security risks are the same as that of carrying smartphones and risks associated with making online payments.
Future use of Microchips
Studies are conducted to safely incorporate these chips for dementia patients to track them down if they got lost somewhere. The same is true for kids if they go missing.
Some companies have already offered employees to use Microchips so that they don't have to carry them around. The employees can unlock doors, access computer without a password and buy from the cafeteria with a swipe of the hand.